When constructing a tilapia farm, the first and foremost thing you have to put into consideration is the location of the farm.
Getting an ideal site for your tilapia farm is by far the most important thing that can guarantee your success.
However your ability to set up your tilapia farm favourably is governed by a set of factors which if you get them right,
your chances of success in tilapia farming is increased by more than 80%, if not outright guaranteed.
But if you neglect these factors and just go ahead with the construction of the tilapia farm,
you may have yourself to blame when you start getting tiny fishes with very little or no market value.
In some cases your fishes may just die out.
So in this article, we will take you through the process of identifying those factors that will guarantee you a successful tilapia farm set up.
Below are the seven factors to consider when setting up your tilapia farm.
Proneness Of The Area To Flood:
when setting up a tilapia farm, you have to put into consideration the risk of flooding.
Since floods are natural factors you cannot control, it is important to avoid it altogether by choosing a pond site that is free from flood hazard.
In order to plan to avoid flooding of the selected site, it is mandatory for you to know the weather patterns in the locality.
You should try as much as possible to analyze The rainfall records for at least the last 10 years and
the size of creeks, rivers and drainage canals checked to find out …
whether they can accommodate the runoff water in the area of the fish pond.
To get this information, the ideal place to start is with the local government weather station or people who have stayed in the area for many years.
Also find out the highest flood occurring in the area. This information is very necessary.
Trust me you don’t want to experience what a flood can do to a tilapia fish pond.
When designing the fish pond in the tilapia farm, put the issue of wind direction at the back of your mind.
Wind plays a role in fish pond design. This is because strong wind generates wave actions that may damage the sides of the dyke.
This will cause you extra expenses in maintenance of the ponds thereby increasing your cost of production.
However, you can take care of this factor with proper planning and design.
For example, the longer dimension of the pond should be positioned in the same direction as the prevailing wind.
This will mean only the shorter sides of the pond will be exposed to wave action.
Type Of Vegetation
The type of vegetation, its density, and the size and root system of individual trees greatly affect the costs of clearing for tilapia farm development.
So you should choose areas that will not cause you to spend too much.
This will ensure that your price of tilapia to maturity remains competitive.
Availability Of Technical Assistance
It is important to have access to technical services and advice from the Fisheries Department,
or experts in the field such as qualified veterinarians, and from financing institutions.
Many tilapia farming projects have failed due to non-availability of quality technical services.
Don’t let this happen to you.
Sources Of Fingerlings
Before you even think of constructing the pond and fingerling cages,
you must first find out about the availability and cost of fingerlings from local hatcheries.
It is aimed at helping you get the best quality fingerlings at the best price.
Competing Use Of Land And Water Sources
Aside the fact that you should consider the availability of land and water,
the uses made of nearby land and water have to be considered to find out whether they will have any effects (negative or positive) on the project.
Activities to assess include fishing, manufacturing industries, public utilities, large scale farming and recreation.
Problems can arise particularly if the activities result in for example deposition of harmful chemicals into the surrounding water sources or the land is greatly polluted with chemical elements such as sulphur.
It doesn’t make any sense to have a perfect tilapia farm in an area in which there is no market for tilapia fish.
Therefore, it is important to determine the opportunities for selling the tilapia and to plan the production activities to suit the market.
In some cases, partial harvesting or harvesting only one pond at a time may suit the local market situation.
On the other hand, where fish have to be shipped out to a distant market,
it is better to plan to be able to harvest and market large quantities at one time.